Inside English, passives are usually made by consolidating a type of brand new verb getting that have good

Inside English, passives are usually made by consolidating a type of brand new verb getting that have good

past participle, for example was broken, be prosecuted, is made, are changed. Passives can also be formed with the verb get, as in ‘Your vase got broken.’

Given that couch potato uses are a typical ability away from English, they are mentioned throughout the OED as long as specifically common otherwise notable.

  • LONGLIST v.,To place on a longlist’, is described as ‘Usually in passive.’ Passive uses are the norm (e.g. ‘The novel was longlisted for the Man Booker Prize’), although active uses are possible (you could say, for example, ‘The judges longlisted thirty novels’).
  • Pass on v. 12b is defined as ‘In Of people, animals, etc.: to be scattered, dispersed, or distributed over or throughout an area.’ All the examples of this sense show passive use, for example ‘The Rook are give over the greater part of Europe’ and ‘the Monophysites?had been bequeath throughout Syria, Anatolia and Egypt.’

If a sentence is not grammatically passive but has a meaning similar to that of a passive, it can be described as ‘with passive meaning’. For example, you can say ‘I boil-washed the shirts’ (active) or ‘The shirts was basically cook-wash‘ (passive); you can also say ‘These shirts boil-wash well’, which is not passive in form but is passive in meaning (= ‘These shirts can getting cook-cleanse‘). At BOIL-Clean v., this type of use is noted: ‘Also occasionally intransitive with passive meaning.’

inactive infinitive

An infinitive such as to eat or to question may be used in a passive form: to be eaten or to-be asked. Such forms are called passive infinitives. Passive infinitives often function as goes with of adjectives or stuff of verbs, for example ‘It was strange to be questioned‘ or ‘These apples need becoming taken.

Such as for instance, ‘My canine broke the vase’, ‘Law enforcement tend to prosecute trespassers’, ‘John speaks Spanish’, and you can ‘The new piece of cake howled’ are all active sentences. A number of active sentence are turned into passives, such ‘The vase is actually broken by the my dog’ (come across inactive).

  • In phrasal verbs sections, combinations of verbs and adverbs are described as ‘With adverbs in specialized senses’, for example to power down and to power up at Stamina v.

A case is an inflected form of a noun, pronoun, or adjective which expresses its grammatical relationship with other words. For example, the fact that a noun is in the nominative case indicates that it is the topic of the verb.

  • RUMOUR v. 2a is described as ‘Frequently in passive with anticipatory it as subject and subordinate clause’, referring to examples such as ‘It was rumoured amongst the common People.. the Plague was in the town.
  • The examples at Chapel n. 1 1b are described as ‘Without article’. In these examples, church occurs without the or a, such as ‘people going in and out from church‘ or ‘time spent during the chapel‘.

well-known noun

[The word complementary can be used from inside the unrevised OED entries plus in entries revised prior to 2019. Records or components of entries changed since 2019 play with descriptive wording, as for analogy in the Crazy adj. C1b: “With establish participles, developing adjectives where resentful expresses the newest complement of your underlying verb, such as annoyed-looking, angry-sounding, etcetera., adjs.”]

Dated English owned around three genders: male, feminine, and you will neuter. But not, the loss of possible program for the Center English suggested one the differences between grammatical genders vanished almost completely.

  • The use of knavery to mean ‘an act that is characteristic of a knave’ is treated at KNAVERY n. 1b, where the definition is introduced by ‘as a count noun’. One of the examples quoted is ‘there are men and women living on crusts in garrets because of his knaveries‘.
  • Nursing assistant n. 1 nine is described as ‘Used without determiner to denote a particular nurse’. An example is ‘A doctor can tell a client: “Nurse will see you right away”’.
  • At Gonna v., meaning ‘am/is going to’, sense 2a(a) covers uses with a subject, e.g. ‘what I gonna do’ (with the subject I). Sense 2a(b) covers uses ‘with ellipsis of subject’: for example, in ‘Gonna be a burner today’, the subject (it) is omitted.

Throughout the OED, case-inflected types of pronouns are addressed since separate terminology (e.g. The guy pron., Your pron.), whereas verb, noun, and you will adjective inflections are normally addressed included in the same term.

Modifiers may be described more specifically as premodifiers or postmodifiers, depending on whether they come before or after the modified word, phrase, or clause.


You can often convert an active sentence into a passive sentence, by making the direct target of the active verb the grammatical subject of the passive verb, and either expressing the subject in a phrase with by or omitting it altogether. For example:

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